2017 G-20 Summit Topical Guide

The Associated Press has compiled a style guide of essential words, phrases and definitions related to the Group of 20 summit of world leaders in Hamburg, Germany, this week. A few terms are from the AP Stylebook. Others are common usage in AP coverage.

Group of 20 summit

July 7-8 in Hamburg, Germany.

"Shaping an Interconnected World"

The conference slogan underlines summit themes such as the Paris climate accord and free trade.


Hyphenate the abbreviated form of Group of 20, whose leaders will represent the industrial and emerging-market nations in talks on international financial and economic issues, counter-terrorism, refugees fleeing Mideast conflicts and other global issues. A general description rather than the full name is preferred on first reference: leading rich and developing nations.


Membership encompasses the European Union and 19 countries: Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Britain, Canada, China, France, Germany, India, Indonesia, Italy, Japan, Mexico, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, South Korea, Turkey and the United States. Also represented: the Netherlands, Norway, Spain, Guinea, Senegal, Singapore and Vietnam.

Economic clout

G-20 countries account for more than four-fifths of gross world product and three-quarters of global trade, and are home to almost two-thirds of the world's population, according to the organizers.

German Chancellor Angela Merkel

Holds the annually rotating G-20 presidency for 2017. The forum rose to prominence in the wake of the global financial crisis, and Merkel says it's needed now more than ever to bring about positive international changes more effectively than with uncoordinated national policies.

"America First"

U.S. President Donald Trump's aggressive approach to U.S. trade deficits and other issues has caused widespread concern internationally, along with his decision to pull out of the Paris climate accord.

Merkel says European G-20 participants are united behind the 2015 Paris agreement despite the U.S. withdrawal. Moreover, Merkel wants the G-20 summit to send "a clear signal for free markets and against isolation, and a clear commitment to the multilateral trading system."

U.S.-Russian relations

Trump and Russian President Vladimir Putin will hold their first in-person meeting on the sidelines of the summit, amid Trump's denials of alleged improper contacts by some of his associates with Russian officials during the 2016 election campaign and the presidential transition. Trump has also questioned U.S. intelligence reports of Russian meddling in the U.S. election.

Whether Trump will raise these topics -- or Russian involvement in the Syrian civil war and in fighting in eastern Ukraine -- remains to be seen.

G-20 venue

The Hamburg Messe, the city's trade fair and exhibition center, hosts the forum, which will be heavily guarded by German police. "We know that there will be protests, and that is more than legitimate in a democracy. But I hope ... that these protests will be peaceful," Merkel told German lawmakers in a preview speech.

Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg

Germany's second biggest city, population 1.8 million, is also one of Germany's 16 federal states and a business and technology powerhouse in such fields as aviation and renewable energy.

Elbe River

Connects the port of Hamburg to the North Sea, 100 kilometers (62 miles) distant. The port is Europe's third largest container operation and one of the world's biggest export-import terminals.

St. Pauli

The portside area famous for nightclubs and bordellos is a magnet for visitors. The Beatles launched their international career here in the early 1960s in clubs around free-wheeling Reeperbahn street in the heart of the district.

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