Topical Guides are provided by the AP Stylebook editors for timely events. Here is the most recent topical guide:
World Economic Forum (Davos) 2015
The Associated Press compiled a style guide of essential words, phrases and definitions for coverage of the World Economic Forum Jan. 21-24 in Davos, Switzerland. The guidance includes financial terms likely to figure in discussions. Some terms are from the AP Stylebook: http://www.apstylebook.com/. Others are from usage in AP news stories. Contributors include Europe Business Editor Carlo Piovano, who is reporting from the forum.
Commonly used to describe the economic stimulus policies of Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe. Includes government spending, central bank stimulus and reforms. Term needs explaining on first reference.
Financial aid for a company or nation unable to meet debt obligations.
The owner of a loan certificate issued by company or government.
Acronym for the economies of Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa as emerging powerhouses.
When money from an investment moves from one country to another.
French satirical weekly attacked Jan. [more...]
Used interchangeably with global warming.
The unlawful appropriation of confidential information by means of computer software.
A term for the global elite financiers, politicians, celebrities who rub shoulders at the annual World Economic Forum in Davos. Coined to disparage those who put self-interest ahead of their country's interest.
Failure to meet financial obligations.
A sustained drop in consumer prices that can pinch spending, investment and economic growth.
To cut long-term corporate debt as a proportion of shareholders' equity.
International talks begun in 2001 in Doha, Qatar, aimed at cutting tariffs and helping poor countries boost trade. Diplomats say the talks are deadlocked.
A negative trend in economics or business.
Lowercase in most uses: down to earth; earth mother. Capitalize the name of the planet: The astronaut returned to Earth.
A diverse community of animals and plants and the surrounding chemical and physical elements that provide nutrients and energy to sustain them.
A ban or restriction on trade applied to goods entering or leaving a country, often as a tool of foreign policy.
Nations in transition to market economies from state control.
Describing a person who takes on the risk of organizing and managing a business with a profit motive.
Currency used by 19 of the 28 countries in the European Union, known as the eurozone.
The 28-country community sharing laws and trade policies. The EU is based in Brussels.
Foreign direct investment by developed countries in emerging economies. FDI on second reference.
Budgetary matters, such as taxes, debt and spending vs. supply of money.
Swiss dish in which bread cubes are dipped in melted cheese flavored with wine, or thin slices of meat or vegetables are cooked in simmering broth.
Hyphenate the abbreviated term for the Group of 20 industrial and emerging-market nations.
An informal gathering to discuss weighty issues, sometimes used satirically for the World Economic Forum.
The worldwide spread of ideas, technology or other commerce.
Private investment partnerships that seek quick profits by placing large sums in currency, bond and stock markets.
The leading threat to global stability in 2014 but not among top five this year, according to the organizers.
Supply of money supported by member nations and used to stabilize international currencies and trade. IMF acceptable on second reference.
Rated the No. 1 threat to world stability in the 2015 Global Risks Report setting tone for Jan. 21-24 World Economic Forum in Davos, Switzerland, amid fighting in Ukraine and rise of the Islamic State group.
Militant organization largely made up of Sunni Muslims in Iraq and Syria, with goal of creating a caliphate or Islamic empire.
Founder and leader of the World Economic Forum.
Countries having a high potential of becoming, along with the BRICS, the world's largest economies in the 21st century: Bangladesh, Egypt, Indonesia, Iran, Mexico, Nigeria, Pakistan, Philippines, South Korea, Turkey and Vietnam.
Nongovernmental organization, usually a nonprofit, humanitarian organization. NGO on second reference.
Can be used on first reference for crude oil. The U.S. benchmark is traded on the New York Mercantile Exchange. The international benchmark, Brent, is traded on the ICE exchange in London.
Extreme weather, spread of infectious diseases, climate change and high youth unemployment in some parts of the world were also cited by WEF's poll of 900 experts.
A pattern or model held up as a desirable example or concept.
Spelled as compounds in AP style.
Mock prize given by a group of nongovernmental organizations to companies they say disregard human rights or the environment. It is given at a protest event in Davos on the sidelines of the World Economic Forum.
A form of economic stimulus by central banks that involves buying large amounts of government bonds. [more...]
Decline of economic activity that may be a temporary phenomenon or could continue into a depression.
Debt issued only by a government.
The central bank of Switzerland scrapped its limit of 1.20 francs to the euro on Jan. [more...]
A left-wing opposition party in Greece that is leading the polls ahead of Jan. 25 elections. The party wants to change the terms of Greece's bailout deal, raising concerns about the potential financial fallout.
Richest segment of Americans.
High tariffs or other barriers to shield domestic producers from competition by foreign producers.